Sum Of Digits Program Example using CPP

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    Source Code:

    #include <iostream>

    /* Program to find sum of
       digits of given number
    */

    // using standard C++ namespace
    using namespace std;

    // main function of program
    int main() {  // starting delimeter of main function

        // variable declarations.
        int num;  // variable to take input
        int r;  // variable to store remainder temporarily
        int temp;  // store copy of input.
        // variable initialization
        int sum = 0; // variable to store sum
        
        // Taking Statement
        cout<<"Please Enter Number: ";
        cin>>num;
        
        temp = num;  // storing copy.
        
        // calculating sum using while loop
        while(temp > 0) {
            r = temp % 10;
            sum  = sum + r;  // add remainder into value of sum
            temp = temp / 10;  // reducing temp to approach next digit
        }
            
        cout<<"Digits Sum of "<<num<<" = "<<sum;
     
        return 0;
    }

     

    Output:

    CPP program find sum of digits

    Working:

    Number is a combination of digits from particular number system. We can say that any number is a set of digits. These digits belongs from specific number system. In this program example we will take input of integer number from user. After taking input will analyze the number using while loop. To analyze any number with respect to its digits the following steps are most important to understand.

    1. Check if Number N is greater than 0
    2. Take remainder of N
    3. Reduce N by dividing it by its base (Radix of numbers system)
    4. Repeat from Step 1.

    Here we have declare an additional variable named as temp. This temp variable is used to store an  additional copy of input value. The reason is that we will use this temp variable in our computation. And the computation process will reduce this number to 0. After completion of getting digits and their sum, the value of temp variable will be 0. So that we will not lost our orignal input value.

    At the end of program we will display orignal number using num variable and its sum using sum variable. In while loop we are adding up each calculated remainder in value of sum variable. The identity of sum /addition is 0 so that we initialze this variable with zero. 

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